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La Révolution Française PDF/EPUB µ La Révolution

انقلاب فرانسه ۱۷۹۹ ۱۷۸۹ دوره‌ای از دگرگونی‎های اجتماعی سیاسی در تاریخ سیاسی فرانسه و اروپا بود ویژگی اساسی این انقلابف استقرار موفقیت آمیز وحدت ملی از طریق انهدام رزیم ارباب رعیتی و نراتب ممتازه فئودالی بوداین انقلاب، یکی از چند انقلاب مادر در طول تاریخ جهان است که پس از فراز و نشیب‎های بسیار، منجر به تغییر نظام سلطنتی به جمهوری در فرانسه و ایجاد پیامدهای عمیقی در کل اروپا شدپس از انقلاب در ساختار حکومتی فرانسه، که پیش از آن سلطنتی با امتیازات فئودالی برای طبقه اشراف و روحانیون کاتولیک بود، تغییرات بنیادی در شکل‎های مبتنی بر اصول روشنگری، ملی‌گرایی دموکراسی و شهروندی پدید آمدمورخین دربارهٔ طبیعت سیاسی و اقتصادی اجتماعی انقلاب فرانسه اختلاف نظر دارند تفسیرهای متداول مارکسیستی مانند تفسیر ژرژ لوفور این انقلاب را نتیجه برخورد بین طبقه اشرافی فئودالی و اعضای سرمایه‌گرای طبقهٔ متوسط جامعه دانسته‌اند بعضی از تاریخ‌دانان استدلال می‌کنند که طبقهٔ اشرافی قدیمی یه حکومت پیشین در برابر اتحادی از اعضای طبقهٔ متوسط جامعه و روستاییان آزرده و حقوق‌گیران شهری تسلیم شدند با این حال تفسیری دیگر ادعا می‌کند که انقلاب نتیجه از کنترل خارج شدن حرکت‌های اصلاحی گوناگون اشرافی و مربوط به قشر متوسط جامعه بوده‌است مطابق این نظریه این حرکت‌ها همزمان با حرکت‌های مردمی حقوق‌گیران شهری جدید و روستاییان ایالت نشین بودند اما هرگونه اتحاد در بین قشرها تصادفی و اتفاقی بوده‌است اما بسیاری از تاریخ‌دانان بسیاری از خصوصیات حکومت پیشین را از دلایل انقلاب دانسته‌اند ارسال شده در فروردین ۱۴ ۱۳۹۷دسته‌ها معرفی کتاببرچسب‌ها آلبر سوبولبرای انقلاب فرانسه ؛ جلد دوم دیدگاهی بنویسید


10 thoughts on “La Révolution Française

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    It took me ten months of consistent grinding effort to read this book I found it to be one of difficult and time consuming books that I've ever read My patience was not really rewardedThe only reason I read it is because I want to read everything about the French Revolution and this book contains information that is simply too boring to appear elsewhere I learned all about the economy of prerevolutionary France and the various ways that the assignat and bread maximums did not work He is also the only historian I've read yet that weights all parts of the Revolution so evenly that he gives equal time to the White Terror which is usually overshadowed by the regular TerrorHe also made it to page 525 before I found a mistake which is some kind of record I feel that he misinterprets Napoleon's intentions towards England but honestly SFW? 525 pages of closely reasoned single spaced nonstop dates and names I don't mind if he misses a motivationI have no idea how anyone expected to read this book before Wikipedia It was clearly meant for people who already knew everything in it I guess you were supposed to attack it with a biographical dictionary in one hand either that or you were supposed to be a student in one of Soboul's classes If his intention is to impress me that he knows everything about the French Revolution mission accomplished You were smart Dr Soboul CongratulationsI on the other hand had to resort to the internet every third sentence because he never explains who he's talking about or why He mentions Condorcet several times but never tells you why he thinks he was important until exactly four pages from the end I cannot imagine that many Americans besides myself ever made it to four pages from the end so it was sort of a waste to ship the book all the way over here from Mr Condorcet's point of view There is just no good reason to write text this dense As I said I read it because I was desperate for the information and determined Nobody else is even interested in the French Revolution at all I honestly can't imagine why anyone would pick this book up It's a total failure as an introductory source because he simply assumes that you know the subject perfectly It should be read after reading twenty or thirty other books when you are so curious about the details of Babeuf's Conspiracy of Equals that you just can't wait any His economics are intriguing I am no economist but I must admit that I never found Necker's portion of the story clearer than here Soboul also really liked that dashing young sociopath Saint Just who is basically portrayed as Luke to Robespierre's Ben Revolutionary fervor is oddly forgivable to Soboul who is rather harshly disposed to writing off huge segments of the French population and not the ones you'd think Of all the historians I've read he's the one with the most pragmaticpsychopathic view of the Terror and discusses its effectiveness and efficiency with the calm precision of a Mafia boss It was at this time and when reading his barely concealed panegyrics for Babeuf that I was most uncomfortably aware that Soboul had a very militant view of life and social warfareI can't say whether it was his prejudices or mine but I must admit that for the first time in my studies of the French Revolution while reading about the jeunesse dorée and the White Terror I was moved to get a rifle and a time machine and put some holes in some ancient fools Wow were those guys jerksThey say this guy pioneered social history or history from below and I don't know if that's true or not It does seem to me that this is a modern history written in an old fashioned style so perhaps that is trueHe also switches back and forth between regular dates like January and April and revolutionary dates like Thermidor and Nivose completely at random which is FUCKING OBNOXIOUS HERE IS A HINT FOR ENGLISH WRITERS ON THE FRENCH REVOLUTION you are already translating Septembre into September so go a fucking head and translate Fructidor into September too For the sake of fuck it is so annoying